Research Papers on Mixed Issues in Science

Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

  • Brain Structures and Learning/Memory

    In a paper of three pages, the author reflects on the specific structures of memory and learning in the brain and the connection between neurological structures and function. There are three sources integrated into this paper.

  • Comparing Human Learning and Reasoning Capacity to Artificial Intelligence

    In a paper consisting of ten pages the comparison between the human's capacity for learning and reasoning with that of artificial intelligence is explored. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Neuroanatomy and Learning

    In a paper of three pages, the writer looks at learning. The process is presented from the neuroanatomical perspective. Paper uses two sources.

  • The Application of Research into Brain Function to the Learning Process

    The writer provides a review of research on the learning process and its relation to brain function. The writer mentions the work of three authors in this regard: Robert Sylvester, Eric Jensen and Marian Diamond, and argues that learning is a process in which an individual gains knowledge from his environment. The paper is five pages long and there are eleven sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Types of Advanced Machining Processes

    In six pages this paper considers advance processes that employ non traditional machining tools and include abrasive jet machining, water jet machining, electron machining, laser beam machining electrical discharge machining, electrochemical grinding, electrochemical and chemical machining. There are nine bibliographic sources cited.

  • Chemical Structure of Water

    In six pages this paper examines water in terms of its chemical structure, and the differences between Kelvin, Celsius, and Fahrenheit scales are also distinguished. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Water Quality Reviewing

    In four pages this paper discusses softness, hardness, alkalinity, acidity, distributions and standards as they pertain to reviewing water quality. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Water Supply Problems and the Kankakee Basin Projects

    In 5 pages this paper discusses the Kankakee basin region project as it relates to water supply and community environmental issues. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • How Plants and Animals Differ in What they Eat and How that Affects Us

    Organisms can vary tremendously in the way they procure food. Plants, for example produce their own food using only sunlight, carbon dioxide and water. Humans, on the other hand, must eat those plants (or other animals that have) in order to survive. There are 6 sources in this six page paper.

  • Kentucky Water Resources, Energy, and Minerals

    In seventeen pages this paper examines Kentucky's natural resources. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Nucleic Acids, Structure, and Function

    In seven pages the structure and function of RNA or ribonucleic acid and DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid are presented in an introductory overview. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Propolis and CAPE Synthesis

    In a paper of five pages, the writer looks at the synthesis of caffeic acid from a base of propolis. Experimental standards are outlined. Paper uses four sources.

  • Drug Ionization, Absorption, Excretion

    In four pages drug ionization and how it relates to body absorption and secretion depending upon whether it is a weak acid or base are examined. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Natural and Artificial Lactic Acid Production

    In fourteen pages this paper compares natural with artificial methods of lactic acid production. Nine sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Food's Basic Chemistry

    In thirteen pages this paper examines polymer and lipid composition and their role in food chemistry along with the roles of pectin, pigments, flour mixtures, carbohydrates, gelatin, Maillard Browning, protein, and amino acids and also considers their impact upon smell and taste. Fourteen sources are listed in the bibliography with two tables also included.

  • Biological Functions of Lipids

    This paper discusses lipids and the fatty acids they are composed of, as well as dietary sources and biological functions. This seven page paper has ten sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Amino Acids, Enzymes, and Proteins

    In four pages this paper discusses amino acids, enzymes, and proteins in terms of how function is affected by structure. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Krebs Cycle and Enzymes

    In five pages basic enzymes are discussed with the inclusion of the citric acid cycle also known as the Krebs cycle that is the final step in the energy conversion of food. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Amino Acids, Proteins and Cell Structure

    This paper considers how amino acids are used to build proteins and how eukaryotic cells are made up of unique organelles. There are three sources listed in this three page paper.

  • Benzilic Acid Multi Step Synthetic Process

    In six pages this paper examines benzilic acid creation in a consideration of its multi step process synthesis. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Streptococcus mutans and Acid Tolerance

    In a paper containing fourteen pages this oral bacteria's physiological mechanism that allows it to exist in the human mouth's constantly fluctuating pH levels is discussed. There are seven bibliographic sources cited.

  • Amazon River Basin's Rain Forest

    In five pages this report examines the Amazon River basin's rain forest and its global importance. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Some Factors Affecting Genetic Diversity

    This paper considers the importance of sexual reproduction, migration and mutation to genetic diversity. There are two sources in this three page paper.

  • Hawaii's Volcanoes

    A history and geology of the volcanoes of Hawaii are examined in an overview consisting of seven pages. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Hydronic Systems and Heating Loads

    In five pages this paper examines heat loads in terms of heating systems that are boiler based and the benefits they represent with various hydronic operational concepts among the topics of discussion. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Radiation, Convection, and Conducton Heat Transfer Mechanisms

    In six pages 3 mechanisms of heat transference are discussed in this overview along with a heat transfer rate equation also included in the consideration. One source is listed in the bibliography.

  • Herpes Simplex and Latency

    In fifteen pages this paper discusses the reasons behind Herpes simplex molecular latency and reactivation and the implications regarding HIV transmission and some cancer forms. Fourteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Physics and the Catapult

    A 4 page discussion of the catapult. This paper describes the design of the catapult and how changing different aspects of that design can change its efficiency. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Cerebral Palsy Impact Upon Neuronal Function and Development of Motor Skills

    In seven pages this paper examines the development of motor skills and the impact of cerebral palsy. Twelve sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • A Look at Chameleons

    Chameleons are animals that have been used as metaphors for quite some time. This paper takes a look at this species and its evolutionary pattern. The animal is compared to other similar species. This five page paper has four sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Great Plains and Severe Weather

    The Great Plains region is known for its severe weather. Specifically, this region in the U.S. has more tornadoes than any other region in the world. This essay discusses tornadoes, why this region is called Tornado Alley, how tornadoes are formed and what people in these states do. There are four sources listed in the bibliography of this four page paper.

  • United States Navy and Its Weather Collection Data and Strategic Impact

    In six pages the United States' Navy's statistical and data collection analyses are considered in terms of discerning weather patterns and how to formulate strategies accordingly. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Chemistry of Boron

    A 4 page research paper that discusses the chemistry of boron. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Chemistry - An Overview

    In a paper of fifteen pages, the writer looks at the topic of chemistry. A number of important topics in basic chemistry, such as chemical reactions, molecular bonding, and the structure of atoms, are explored in summary. Paper uses one source.

  • Science Studies and Varied Topics

    In a paper of three pages, the author relates three different topics to the overall study of chemistry. These topics impact how individuals study chemistry and the impacts. There are 3 sources listed.

  • A Chemistry Overview

    In a paper of twenty pages, the writer looks at the subject of chemistry. Summaries of all major topics are given and discussion questions are posed. Paper uses one source.

  • Ethics of Forensic Chemistry

    In a paper of four pages, the writer looks at the ethics of forensic chemistry. An article depicting this theme is summarized and analyzed. Paper uses one source.

  • Torque Output and Horsepower Increased by 427ci Big Block Chevy Engine Manipulation

    In ten pages this paper considers engine component part replacement and engine upgrading. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Dinosaur Extinction and Catastrophism

    In eight pages the events leading to dinosaur extinction are discussed and includ the environmental events such as the suggestion that dinosaurs were rendered extinct by the earth's meteoric impact. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Review of Dinosaur Extinction

    In six pages dinosaur extinction is reviewed with such concepts discussed as the Gaia hypothesis, neocatastrophism, fitness, and natural selection. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Extinction of Dinosaurs and the Catastrophism Theory

    In eight page this paper discusses the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods' extinction of dinosaurs in an assessment of the catastrophism theory's viability. Ten sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Genetic Diversity and Extinction

    In five pages this paper examines if species survival involves necessary extinction and whether or not genetic diversity will be reduced as a result of this extinction. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Parallels and Contrasts Between the Dinosaur and Modern Day Bird

    In eleven pages this paper examines what evolutionary path is revealed in the Burgess Shale Deposit regarding dinosaur fossils and contemporary birds. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Hawaiian Island's Monk Seal Endangered Species

    In seven pages this paper discusses the endangered species known as the Hawaiian monk seal. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • A Bibliography on Genetic Engineering

    In a paper of 3 pages, the author provides an annotated bibliography on the topic of genetic engineering. This bibliography reflects sources that identify plant-based GM issues and ethical considerations. There are ten sources used.

  • Over-Reliance on the Familiar/Golden Hammer

    This paper pertains to the Golden Hammer fallacy, as expressed by Abraham Maslow. This concept indicates the tendency of researchers, and others, to rely on one tool or one methodology simply because it is familiar and has been useful in the past. Three pages in length, four sources are cited.

  • Rice That is Genetically Engineered

    In three pages 'Golden Rice' produced through genetic engineering is examined in an assessment of 2 articles on the topic. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Gravitational Force and Mass

    In five pages this paper examines the Constant of Gravitational Force developed by Isaac Newton in a consideration of the hypothesis ' The mass of an object has no effect on the acceleration of a falling object.' Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Lab Notes for Acceleration Under Gravity

    In a paper of three pages, the writer discusses acceleration under gravity. Practical applications of the formula are examined. Paper uses five sources.

  • Antenna Levitation and Human Diamagnetism Gravity

    In three pages the game 'Light as a Feather, Stiff as a Board' is considered in an examination of levitation and the concept of human diamegnetism. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Nurture Wins in the Nature versus Nurture Debate

    In three pages this research essay argues that nurture triumphs over nature in the ongoing sociological debate. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Honey Bee's Behavior and Evolution

    In twenty pages this paper examines the importance of the honey bee in an overview of its behavior and how it has evolved. Twelve sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Debating Shoeing Horses

    A 3 page paper discussing the implications of shoeing horses. The bottom line appears to be that shoes are beneficial in offering protection where it is needed and in correcting existing hoof problems, but that all horses do not need to be routinely shoed without assessing the conditions in which they live and work. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Why Ships Float and Nails Sink

    It seems illogical that a huge ocean liner could float when smaller objects sink. This paper explains why nails sink and ships float. There are three sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Human Genome Project and Ethics

    This paper discusses the ethical considerations associated with the UNESCO Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights as it impacts genetic engineering and genetic selection scientific research in 10 pages. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Population Genetics A Literature Review

    This paper provides a comprehensive summary of seven articles on microbial, insect, bird, and human genetics as they related to population ecology. Seven sources are listed in the fourteen page paper.

  • The Human Genome Project and Genetics

    Genetics in general is the focus of this paper but the Human Genome project is highlighted. Within the context of this twelve page paper that cites twelve sources, Mendel's work is duly noted.

  • Human Development and the Nature versus Nurture Debate

    In six pages this paper examines human development and personality characteristics in a consideration of which is most influential, genetics or environment. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Human Interaction with Other Humans and Machines

    This 3 page paper uses articles by Robin Marantz Henig and DeNeen Brown to explore the way humans relate to robots as opposed to how they relate to humans. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Trinucleotide Expansion in Huntington's Disease

    A 3 page overview of the trinucleotide expansions within the huntingtin protein that result in the extension of polyQ-encoding repeats. Bibliography lists sources.

  • Hydraulic Pressure Intensification and Industrial Fluid Power

    In five pages fluid power and its applications, intensifier types and construction are a few of the topics discussed in this consideration of hydraulic pressure intensification and industrial fluid power. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Hydrogen Fuel as a Renewable Energy Source

    In seven pages this paper compares and contrasts fossil fuels and renewable energy sources with the focus being upon hydrogen fuel cells, their benefits, their future applications, and their environmental effects. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • An Overview of Fuel Cell Technology

    This paper examines the technology, history, and future applications for fuel cells. The author provides information on the various types of fuel cells as well as their applications with an emphasis on hybrid motor vehicles. This twenty-two page paper has six sources listed in the bibliography.

  • The Benefits of Using Hydrogen

    The writer argues that hydrogen is a viable alternative for cars. The writer briefly explains thermodynamics and its relationship to using hydrogen. There are four sources listed in the bibliography of this three page paper.

  • Overview and Analysis of Spatial Ecology

    In five pages this paper presents an analysis and overview of spatial theory with research, theory, and biodiverse group spatial patterning studies examined. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • New Planets' Discovery and Infrared Astronomy

    In ten pages this paper examines how planets that are beyond the defined solar system are being discovered with the uses of infrared technology. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Comparing Solar Cells with Plant Cells

    A research paper that describes the difference and similarities of the processes involved in plant photosynthesis and how solar cells capture the sun's energy to produce electricity. Four pages in length, four sources are cited.

  • Religious Diversity, Biology, and Memes

    In twelve pages this research paper considers religion and biology interaction in a discussion of memes and the research of Gould and Wolfram, Susan Blackmore and Edward O. Wilson's Consilience. Twelve sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Life and Contributions of Sir Isaac Newton

    In eleven pages Sir Isaac Newton's life and scientific achievements are examined with his inventions, theories, discoveries and the calculus controversy of Newton Leibniz is among the topics discussed. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Light Theory of Isaac Newton II

    In five pages this paper considers Isaac Newton's failed light theory and how it has not withstood the test of time or diminished his brilliance. There are 4 sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Gombe National Park Chimps and How They Socialize According to Jane Goodall

    In seven pages this paper examines Jane Goodall's research on the socialization of chimpanzees and how they resemble human social development. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of the Engine of a Jet

    In seven pages this paper discusses types of jet engines in this informational overview. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Human Brain's Recognition of Objects

    In five pages this paper discusses the human brain's recognition of objects in a consideration of structural decomposition, component recognition, Humphrey's concepts, and the theories regarding multiple view. Ten sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • The Politics and Social Views Concerning Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials

    Nanotechnology is a relativity recent science. The writer looks at the way it has been received by discussing the political rhetoric and actions regarding the industry and the social views of the topic, including ideas and fears publicized in the mass media and popular press. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography of this four page paper.

  • Nanotechnology: The Pros and Cons

    In a paper of six pages, the writer looks at nanotechnology. Environmental issues are examined, as well as ethical and economic ones. Paper uses five sources.

  • European Union's Nanotechnology

    In five pages this paper examines EU's nanotechnology requirements where shareholders and the public are concerned. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Warfare Nanotechnology

    In seven pages this paper assesses the advantages and disadvantages of nanotechnology warfare. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Carbon Cycle and Photosynthesis

    In seven pages this paper discusses the carbon cycle and photosynthesis in a consideration of the relationship that exists between them. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Soil and Photosynthesis Significance in the Growth of Plants

    In six pages this paper discusses plant growth in a consideration of how important photosynthesis and soil are. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Photosynthesis

    In five pages photosynthesis is examined in an overview that includes history, limitations, process of darkness and light, contemporary representations, and its nature value. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Answers to five questions concering Photosynthesis and Other Topics

    In this four page paper the writer provides quick answers for the student to five questions concerning science. Topics include photosynthesis (why it's vital to life); what other source of energy could life have used (hydrothermals); lipids; difference between organic and inorganic molecules and difference between dominant and recessive genes. There are five references posted in the bibliography.

  • Photosynthesis: Definition and Process

    A 3 page overview of photosynthesis and its important to plants and the world as a whole. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Breeding Plants and Using Tissue Culture

    In five pages this paper examines the breeding of plants and how genetics can be enhanced by tissue culture uses. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • An Examination of Carnivorous Plants

    The writer provides an overview of plants such as the Venus Fly Trap and the Pitcher Plant, which are carnivorous. The writer provides specific data about the plants' habitats and factors influencing those areas. The paper is eleven pages long and there are eleven sources listed in the bibliography.

  • A 'Smart' Antenna for Cell Phones

    In six pages this paper discusses the development of a 'smart' antenna designed to reduce cellular phone radiation. There are three bibliographic sources cited.

  • Earthquakes and Animals

    In seven pages the link between earthquakes and animals is made in terms of animal behavior prior to an earthquake and if there would be some way of using this erratic behavior as a kind of earthquake warning signal. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Major Features of the Cell

    This paper discusses cell theory and compares and contrasts the major features of plant and animal cells. There are three sources in this six page paper.

  • Differences In The Way A Mammalian Cell And Yeast Cells Coordinate Cell Growth And Cell-Cycle Progression

    This 3 page paper summarizes an article by Colon and Raff (2003) entitled “Differences in the way a mammalian cell and yeast cells coordinate cell growth and cell-cycle progression” which looks at the role of cell check points and the importance of extracellular signalling for mammalian cells when researched with the use of Schwamm cells. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Cell Structure Aspects and Current Research

    In ten pages cell structure aspects are examined in terms of current research and include a consideration of nerve cells, cell division, cell walls, and bacterial flagella. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Emergence The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software by Steven Johnson

    In five pages this interesting book on the natural world's organization is summarized in terms of important points the author makes. There are no other sources listed.

  • Aquatic to Terrestrial Transitions in Plant Evolution

    This paper discusses plant adaptations as they occurred in response to the challenges of the terrestrial environment. There are three sources listed in this three page paper.

  • Questions on Cellular Biology

    This research paper addresses various topics in cellular biology, such as cellular respiration and photosynthesis, among others. Five pages in length, eight sources are cited.

  • Biology from Philosophical Perspectives

    In eight pages this paper discusses biology from the perspective of philosophy with the developmental systems theory among the topics covered. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Biology as it Relates to Loss of Brain Functions

    This 3 page paper provides different examples of how Biology can be used to improve memory function after a brain injury. This paper states three different ideas for treating memory loss including the use of acetylcholine, different stimuli, and biotechnological implants. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Avian Flu 2

    This 10 page paper examines the occurrence and reporting of bird flu cases. The paper starts by looking at the different reports from the World Health Organization and what data is contained in the reports, how it is collected and the barriers to effective collection. The paper then looks at the spread and mortality rate of the disease and trends in the way the disease is spread in different patients, considering age, gender and locations, the paper also looks at the current research. The bibliography cites 2 sources.

  • Bird of Paradise

    A 4 page paper on the bird of paradise. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Supermassive Black Holes

    This 6 page paper explores two theories that explain how supermassive black holes are formed. The black hole is defined and explored. Theories about the creation of the universe, and when black holes originated are a part of the discussion. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • Article Summaries on Cosmology and Black Holes

    In five pages two articles about cosmology and black holes are reviewed.

  • Black Holes

    An 8 page discussion of this fascinating astronomical phenomenon. This paper emphasizes that we know black holes exist not because that we can see them but rather because we can observe their effects. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Examination of Black Holes

    In eight pages the increasing astrophysics importance of black holes are examined in this descriptive overview. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Black Holes' Discovery

    In five pages this paper examines the space discovery of black holes in a consideration of various theories as well as binary systems' relevance. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Killer Orca Whales

    In five pages Orca whales are examined in an overview that includes pelagic, transient, and resident cultures as well as differences in each whale culture regarding phylogenetic and behavioral characteristics. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Fact and Fiction Regarding the Great White Shark

    In six pages this paper discusses separates the facts from the myths regarding the great white shark and considers solutions to the problems that affect them. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • A Review of Research Evaluating Green Tea Extract

    A 3 page critique of the article Green Tea Extract Boosts Exercise Endurance. This paper reviews experimental design and findings in this research performed by scientists as the Biological Sciences Laboratories of Kao Corp., Tochigi, Japan who examined the impact of green tea extract on physical endurance. 1 source.

  • Genetics and the Loss of Hair

    In five pages this paper examines genetics as a cause of male and female hair loss and also considers possible cures for hair loss. There are 6 sources cited in the bibliography.

  • A Civil Engineering Overview

    In nine pages civil engineering in terms of its history, present overview, and future outlooks are discussed including the strong CAD developmental influence. Seven pages are cited in the bibliography.

  • Cloning

    A 5 page paper which examines reproductive cloning v therapeutic cloning. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • History of Cloning

    The ethical problems involved in human cloning have caused serious discussion of what should be done. This paper examines how the science has progressed since the first cow was cloned and speculates that human cloning is scientifically possible now.This paper has five pages and three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Fossil Formation and Why Fossil Records can be Misleading

    This 3 page essay looks at how fossils are formed and outlines three specific examples within the argument concerning the efficacy of the fossil record. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Scientific Questions Concerning Robots, Asteroids, and Uncertainty Principle

    This 3 page paper gives an answer to three questions one involving the laws of robotics, the second about asteroids, and the other about the Uncertainty Principle of Heisenberg. This paper includes which is the most important law of robotics and comparing Einstein to Heisenberg, and how the climate might change form asteroids. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Robots' Limitations and Scientific Method

    In four pages this paper discusses E. Kirsten Peters' No Stone Unturned Reasoning About Rocks and Fossils in a consideration of the scientific method and how robots are incapable of the reason it requires. There are no other sources cited.

  • Cleaner Plastics; Lifecycle and Recycling

    Plastics are associated with poor environmental practices consuming fossil fuels in their production and disposal. This 20 page paper considers the way in plastics production and recycling may be undertaken in a cleaner way. The paper focuses on recycling looking at the lifecycle from the recycling perspective including the creation of plastics using plants that result in biodegradable plastics as well as the ways in which plastics may be recycled. The bibliography cites 50 sources.

  • Reducing Green House Gas Emissions in Irish Dairy Farming

    There is little doubt that green house gases need to be reduced. This 15 page paper summarizes an article that assesses the potential of different dairy herd management systems to reduce the direct and indirect green house gas emissions. The reseach also looked at the impact on profit levels. The paper summarises the findings of the reseach and then offers a neutral opinion on the reseach. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Types of Fluid Flows

    In two parts and five pages this paper examines types of fluid flows including pressurized flows and their design equations with Pascal's Law the primary focus and open flow channel design issues including Bernouilli's Principle and friction. Three sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Pipe Flows and Fluid Dynamics

    In five pages fluid dynamics is examined in terms of turbulent and laminar pipe flows with Newtonian flows, nonNewtonian flows, boundaries,and stationary layers discussed. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • DNA Replication

    A 9 page paper which examines DNA replication. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

  • DNA - Protein Interactions: An Overview

    In a paper of four pages, the writer looks at protein - DNA interactions. DNA replication and protein synthesis are discussed. Paper uses ten sources.

  • The Structure of DNA and the Risks Inherent in Understanding It

    This paper first delineates the molecular structure of DNA and how it replicates itself. The author warns that as our knowledge of DNA grows, so does the potential for misuse of that knowledge. There are four sources in this eight page paper.

  • Equilibrium and Drinking Water Purification

    A 5 page exploration of the chemical factors that facilitate the use of reverse osmosis to purify drinking water. Bibliography lists 3 sources

  • Albert Einstein's Theories of Relativity and Their Legacy

    In seven pages this paper discusses Albert Einstein's mathematical and physics' contributions and also considers the lasting scientific impact of his theories of relativity. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Violent Gene

    A 5 page paper which examines the violent gene. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Repression of Homeotic Gene Expression in Drosophila Resulting from Polycomb Group Mediated Actions

    In five pages this paper discusses 2 actions that in Drosophila PcG genes repress the expression of homeotic genes. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Pancreatic Cancer and Gene Mutations

    In a paper of three pages, the writer looks at gene therapies for pancreatic cancer. The role of the KRAS gene is examined through exploring an existing research experiment. Paper uses one source.

  • Cancer and the Mutation Role of the p53 Gene

    In five pages this research paper discusses how DNA damage causes p53 gene mutation when various cancers develop. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Issues Investigation and Genetic Engineering

    In eight pages this paper considers the genetic engineering controversy including agriculture technology failures and successes and explains the opponents' arguments for and against. Twelve sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Future Possibilities of Foods That Are Genetically Engineered

    In four pages this paper discusses the potential offered by the genetic engineering of food in terms of improved marketing, nutrition, and production of crops including avocados, wheat, corn, and tomatoes. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS AND IMPACT ON SCIENTISTS

    Discusses the impact of genetically modified foods and plants on the scientific community. There are 4 sources listed in the bibliography of this 8-page paper.

  • Genetically Modified Plants/Pro & Con

    A 3 page research paper that discusses this issue of genetically modified (GM) plants. The writer discusses literature both pro and con and concludes that GM foods are a part of society's future, whether for good or ill. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Designing an Automobile Clutch and Clutch Plate

    New lightweight materials, including ceramics, are being used in automobile racing to design clutches and clutch plates and make them more resilient and reliable, as well as reducing weight and stress. This paper examines the design of these components and suggests eliminating metal altogether in their fabrication. This paper has five pages and five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy

    In seven pages the research into limb girdle muscular dystrophy such as progression due to sarcoglycans is examined. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Central Elements of Chaos Theory

    8 pages and 3 sources. This paper provides an overview of the central concepts and core research related to chaos theory. This paper relates the scientific views of chaos, including those that are defined by a physics perspective. This paper also shapes a view of central concepts, including determining whether motion is determined, chaotic or random.

  • E.Coli Alkaline Phosphatase Enzyme Characterization and Isolation

    In five pages this paper discusses how the enzyme known as alkaline phosphatase can be successfully isolated from e.coli in a discussion of characterization, purifications, and protein removal with expermentation, discussion, and conclusions presented.

  • Energy Concerns

    A 3 page paper which examines elements of energy concerns such as where energy (gas etc.) goes after use and renewable resources. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Sustainability Defined

    In five pages this paper discusses how global environmental sustainability is defined. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Ethanol and Biomass Conversion

    In five pages this paper discusses the fuel uses of ethanol and how ethanol can be made through the conversion of food crops in a consideration of pros and cons of such a process. Eight sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Evidence for Evolution

    A 3 page overview of the theory of evolution. This paper outlines the usefulness of the fossil record, biogeography, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology, and molecular biology as evidence that evolution is a valid concept. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Fingerprint Analysis and the Scientific Method

    This 4 page paper discusses the formation of friction skin; it also defines the scientific method and how it is applied to fingerprint analysis. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Notch Protein Linked With Alzhiemer's Disease

    This 8 page paper examines the potential link between Notch protein and Alzheimer’s disease. The paper looks at the symptoms and biological characteristics of Alzheimer’s and roles of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the presenilin proteins and amyloid beta proteins. The bibliography cites 9 sources.

  • Overview of 'Designer Babies'

    In eight pages this paper considers the issue of 'designer babies' or babies who have been genetically manipulated in order to embody certain desirable characteristics from an ethical standpoint with the argument against such technology on moral grounds. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Garlic Growing Protects Against Cancer and Vampires

    A paper with three pages of text and an MLA outline consisting of 1 page discusses how garlic can be easily and affordably grown, with the benefits being warding off vampires and life-threatening illnesses. There is no bibliography.

  • Frisbee Aerodynamics

    A 5 page overview of the various forces that work to give a Frisbee its characteristic flight. This paper discusses the Bernoulli Principle, gravity, angular momentum, orientational stability, and more. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Exercise and Biochemistry

    In a paper consisting of eleven pages the biochemical implications of exercise are discussed. Sixteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Biochemistry of Creatine Phosphate

    In five pages this research paper examines the important muscle energy producer creatine phosphate's biochemstry and discusses pathways, structure, and function. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Type I Diabetes' Biochemistry

    In five pages this biochemical overview of Type I diabetes includes etiology, symptoms, treatment, and insulin therapy. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Evolutionary Advances in Fish Species

    This paper examines the evolution of fish from their primitive, jawless form known as Agnathans, to the current, Gnathostomes, or jawed fish. This five page paper has six sources in the bibliography.

  • Fly Ash's Strength

    Fly ash and its strength are considered in an assessment of its pros and cons in eight pages. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Plants That Have Been Genetically Modified and Food and Environmental Safety

    In seven pages environmental and food safety are considered in an issue overview that pertains to plants that have been genetically modified. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Article Review on Bioremediation

    In three pages a review on an interview with Dr. Barbarm Methe and Dr. Derek Lovely that was conducted in December 2003 is presented in a clarification of bacteria benefits particularly in terms of Geobacter bacteria in a hazardous waste cleanup. There are no other sources cited.

  • Exxon Valdez Oil Spill and Bioremediation

    In an essay consisting of ten pages the process of biomediation that was employed after this Alaskan oil spill is examined along with a discussion of what happens to marine life in this contaminated area afterwards. Nine sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Networks And The Science Of Interconnectivity

    This 3 page paper outlines the way in which network and interconnectivity may be studied. The paper starts by looking at different forms of networks and the way that interconnectivity is seen. The influences on the way networks operate and the links with modern technology are also explored. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Evolutionary Biology and the Critical Element of Phylogenetic Relationships

    In five pages evolutionary biology is examined within the context of phylogenetic relationships and their importance. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Article Analysis: Evolutionary Biology and Human Health

    This 3 page paper analyzes an article that reports on an October, 2007 conference on human health and evolutionary biology. Bibliography lists 1 source.

  • Evolutionary Biology and Skepticism

    In five pages this paper discusses the problems with trying to classify or categorize evolutionary biology in a consideration of how he falls somewhere in between arts and science. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Evolutionary Adaptation of the Flea

    This paper discusses how environmental factors are met with evolutionary adaptation. There are two sources listed in this three page paper.

  • Face Recognition

    This 4 page paper discusses face recognition, both in humans and in automatic systems. Bibliography lists 22 sources.

  • A Summary of the Research of Contemporary Scientists

    In a paper of fifteen pages, the writer looks at the research of modern scientists. Many fields are covered, with examples of ongoing important research given. Paper uses thirty sources.

  • The Phenomenon Known as Ageing

    In this paper that contains five pages a biochemical view of ageing in terms of random damage and programmed theories are examined and how they can be employed to understand ageing's stochastic and genetic causes. There are five bibliographic sources cited.

  • Artificial Intelligence v. Human Brain

    In six pages this paper compares the learning capabilities and reasoning capacities of the human brain as opposed to the possibilities offered by artificial intelligence. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Hydroxyl Group and Aspirin

    In five pages aspirin is considered in terms of composition and development with the hydroxyl group receiving particular emphasis. Four sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Astronomy and Astrology

    In seven pages the bond between astronomy and astrology is historically surveyed and how the breaking of this bond through the scientific method. The continuing influences of both are also considered. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Johannes Kepler and His Contribution to Astrology

    In four pages Johannes Kepler's 16th century reform proposals, why he made them, and how they influenced astrology are discussed. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Astrology as a 'Fringe Science'

    In three pages this paper examines what qualifies a field of discipline as a science in this 'fringe science' definition of astrology. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Engineering Economy Principles

    In seven pages this paper examines the so called 'new economy' of engineering that is attributed to information technology and business globalization in a consideration of various studies evaluating the effects on engineering. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • An Engineering Problem

    20 pages and 12 sources. This paper relates the specific issues of an engineering problem, the issue of cavity wall tie failure. This paper provides an overview of the problem, including what companies have done to resolve the issue and what engineering options might look like.

  • Arguing Against Genetic Engineering

    In four pages this paper argues that genetic engineering is less promising and more threatening to society with supporting discussions on the detrimental impacts both direct and indirect genetic engineering will have on countless species. There are five bibliographic sources cited.

  • Questions on Electrical Engineering

    In three pages two questions pertaining to electrical engineering issues are answered. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Bald Eagles No Longer Endangered

    The writer uses the definition essay format to determine if the bald eagle is endangered. There are three sources listed in the bibliography of this three page paper.

  • 'Yellow Rocket' and Alfalfa and 'Yellow Rocket'

    The ways in which crops of alfalfa interact with the common weed Barbarea vulgaris are examined in this six page report. Eradication and intervention aspects are also included in this inquiry. There are six bibliographic sources cited.

  • Isaac Newton's Second Law of Notion and Rockets

    In five pages this paper discusses Mach's condensing of the 3 laws of motion developed by Isaac Newton that helped launch rocket technology. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of the Bottlenose Dolphin

    In four pages the bottlenose dolphin is examined in an overview of its behavior, feeding, reproduction, and migration with its interaction with humans also explored. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Dolphin Therapy

    In eighteen pages dolphin therapy is examined in terms of its development, benefits, how such treatment can be received, dolphin training and communication with patients, with therapy results also evaluated. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Human Implications of Dolphin Communication

    In twelve pages dolphin communication is examined along with a consideration of its impact on humanity also presented. Nine sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Bowling's Kinesiology

    In five pages this paper examines the connection between muscles and bones, concentric and eccentric movements, flexing, extension, and the sagittal view as each relates to bowling's kinesiology. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Brain Response/Males & Aggression

    A 10 page research paper that examines research on brain chemistry and aggression that differentiates between the responses of males and females. This review of literature examines research that pertains to brain research and the neurotransmitters in the brain that have been shown to affect aggressive behavior. This body of data suggests that there are a discernible differences between the response of males and females to aggression and competitiveness that can be traced to differences in brain chemistry. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Global Warming And Methane Hydrate

    A 4 page paper. The writer suggests that the exact location and time when global warming began cannot be determined but it does appear to have begun millennia ago, even prior to the industrial revolution. Recent research from drillings in Greenland suggest a new theory for past ice ages and warming trends. Data are reported when available. Both carbon dioxide and methane hydrate cause this greenhouse effect; this is discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • Electricity Generation; Coal Fired Power and Hydropower

    The generation of electricity is of vital importance due to the wide scale use and lack of alternatives in most homes. The writer looks at two potential sources of electricity, considers their development and background, looks at the way that electricity is generated and considered the environmental impacts. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography of this eight page paper.

  • All About Coffee

    In five pages this paper examines coffee in terms of its habit forming consumption and also discusses the structure of a coffee plant. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Deafness, Genetics, and Metabolism

    In four pages this paper discusses metabolism, carbohydrates, weight gain, the Cx26 gene, deafness, and allele variants. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Developmental Evolution and Genetics

    In seven pages this paper discusses genetic subset pathways and how they are controlled with zebrafish and Drosophila melanogaster species' research reviewed and a consideration of how this topical review could be expanded. Thirteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Bread will Rise With or Without Air Exposure

    This 3 page paper gives a potential experiment that could be dine to test if bread dough rise is effected by air exposure. This paper includes the story of going to the bakery and the bakers broken machine caused small loaves. Bibliography list 1 source.

  • Genetics, and the Future, Science Fiction

    This research paper pertains to the topic of genetic manipulation and how advancements in this field were predicted by science fiction. The writer addresses this topic and discusses its ethical implications. Four pages in length, four sources are cited.

  • A Cancer Constellation Overview

    The Cancer constellation is the focus of this paper consisting of four pages but the emphasis is astronomy and not astrology. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Crushed Concrete as Aggregate in Bitumen Macadam

    In five pages using recycled concrete for roadbed pavement in place of quarried gravel and stone is considered in terms of suitability. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Research Methodology Issues

    An 11 page research paper that addresses multiple issues pertaining to how research is conducted. The writer defines numerous terms and discusses the differences between quantitative and qualitative research, inductive and deductive reasoning and also the advantages of mixed method research studies, among other topics. Bibliography lists 26 sources.

  • Stem Cell Research/Not an Ethical Issue

    A 6 page research paper/essay that argues that embryonic stem cells research is ethical. The writer bases this argument on the facts of reproduction and also presents the supposition that the real issue here is not stem cell research, per se, but the movement against abortion. The details of stem cell research are presented, along with relevant arguments supporting it. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Cooking Chemistry

    This paper pertains to the chemical reactions that occur during cooking. Research that explores aspects of cooking is described. Five pages in length, five sources are cited.

  • Food That is Genetically Modified and Its Benefits

    In nine pages this paper examines bioengineering in a consideration of the benefits offered by genetically modified food. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Genetically Modified Food

    A 6 page discussion of this technology. This paper defines this technology, lists some of its applications, and discusses the controversy surrounding it. Bibliography lists 5 sources

  • Genetically Modified Food: Two Views

    This 3 page paper compares two opposing viewpoints about the use of genetically modified foods. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • HURRICANE KATRINA AND THE 1900 GALVESTON HURRICANE: A COMPARISON

    This 9-page paper compares and contrasts the 1900 hurricane that hit Galveston, TX with Hurricane Katrina, which decimated the Gulf Coast in 2005. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

  • Chapters Eight and Nine Summaries of Warren McCabe, Julian Smith, and Peter Harriott's Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering

    In seven pages summaries of the eighth and ninth chapters of this text are presented.

  • Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Genetic Engineering

    In eight pages this paper discusses Brave New World in terms of how Aldous Huxley addressed issues of genetic engineering.

  • Ossification and Chemical Processes

    In a paper of three pages, the writer looks at chemical processes. Ossification is explained by way of chemical equations and formulae. Paper uses one source.

  • Overview of Evolutionary Robotics

    In six pages current advancements in evolutionary robotics are considered along with future projections offered. Nine sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • "Chemical Analysis By Observation Of Spectra" - Summary

    4 pages in length. The purpose of the experiments is to illustrate how important spectrum analysis is within the context of chemical reaction where various substances are concerned. For the chemicals in this experiment, all have the ability to create specific bright lines when brought into contact with the flame. The inherent value of performing these experiments, therefore, is to establish the importance of spectrum analysis in relation to further discover of elements that may not be detected without the influence of certain light properties. No bibliography.

  • Civil Engineering and Mechanics of Materials Study

    In three pages this paper discusses how within civil engineering it is important to study the mechanics of materials and their properties. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Sonar as Related to Bat Echolocation

    Bat echolocation is described and discussed in detail. Yet, the topic is discussed in such a way as to examine a variety of mammals, despite the fact that the bat is the focus of attention. Biological components of the bat are included in this discussion that takes place in four pages with four bibliographic references.

  • Developing New Medicines through Neural Networks and Expert Systems' Pattern Recognition and Diagnostic Abilities

    In six pages this paper considers how new medicines can be developed through the assistance of neural systems and expert systems' abilities of pattern recognition and diagnostics in a discussion of artificial intelligence and other relevant concepts. Nine sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • ISO 9000, CMMs, and Software Engineering Improvement Models The Use of Process Improvement Models in the Software Engineering Industry Including the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and the Importance of the ISO 9000

    In eight pages this paper considers how the software engineering industry utilizes such improvement models as ISO 9000 and the capability maturity model. Seventeen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Favoring Stem Cells

    Stem cell research is controversial but it also holds out hope for managing or curing some of the most serious human diseases. This paper discusses what stem cells are, their potential, and why they are controversial. There are four sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Stem Cell Research Addressing the Challenges

    This paper discusses the pros and cons of stem cell research. The conclusion is presented that using aborted fetuses as a source of stem cells is morally wrong and that alternatives must be identified. There are four sources listed in the bibliography of this three page paper.

  • Parkinson's Disease Research

    In a paper of nine pages, the writer looks at research processes. The evolution of research is represented with an overview based on researching the topic of Parkinson's disease, and an annotated bibliography is provided. Paper uses fifteen sources.

  • Aloe's History and Use

    In ten pages the aloe plant is examines in a consideration of its history and how it can be used. Fifteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Solar Energy Advantages and Fossil Fuels' Problems

    In twenty pages this report discusses the problems associated with fossil fuels an argues that solar energy is a far more advantageous alternative energy source. Thirteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of the Solar System

    This overview of the solar system consists of eight pages and includes a definition, composition of the sun, planetary properties, and exploration efforts. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Astronomical Theory and the Existance of Planets in Other Solar Systems

    This two page paper reports on what is considered the first reasonable theory (presented in 1992) supporting the contention that planets exist outside our solar system. Two sources are cited.

  • Overview of Proteanaceous Infectious Particles or Prions

    In five pages this paper discusses the replication of prion proteins that are responsible for brain cell degeneration. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Anatomical Makeup of Nervous System Components

    In five pages this paper discusses the nervous system components of unipolar, bipolar, and multipolar cells in this overview. One source is cited in the bibliography.

  • Hippocampus ingens Seahorses

    In five pages the Hippocampus ingens species is emphasized in this overview of seahorses that includes biology as well as pharmaceutical trade and aquarium impacts. There are 12 sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Mad Cow Disease

    In five pages this paper discusses mad cow disease or bovine spongiform encephalopathy in an etiology overview that includes the 1990 England epidemic and the effects of the disease upon human CJD development. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Three Lethal Diseases

    The writer discusses three diseases found in animals that can prove fatal to man, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, anthrax and brucellosis. The writer describes ongoing efforts to find vaccines as well as discussing legislation that has been developed in response to these diseases. The paper is ten pages long and there are nine sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Examination of Cow Ticks

    In eight pages cow ticks are examined in terms of biological manifestation along with their implications in terms of economics, health, and society. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Behavior or Genetic Brood Parasitism Among the Common Cuckoo?

    In fourteen pages a literature review of the common cuckoo in terms of brood parasitism is examined with the concepts of behavior or genetic makeup discussed in terms of developmental influence. There is a Roman numeral outline of one page included. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Ontogenetic and Phylogenetic Development of the Human Digestive System

    In seven pages this paper examines the human digestive system in a consideration of ontogeny and phylogeny concepts. There are 5 sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Central Nervous System's and Motor Executions

    In seven pages this paper discusses motor functions and the central nervous system's role in a consideration of neurons, basal ganglia, and the cerebral cortex. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Osmosis

    In six pages this paper defines osmosis and considers its groundwater, sewage treatment, and desalination applications and processes. There are 5 sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Plants and the Impact of Hormones

    In eight pages this research paper discusses plants, growth, and the impact of hormones. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Amphibian Mortality Caused by Chytridiomycosis

    In five pages this essay considers a scientific study that attributes Central America's and Australia's rapid decrease in amphibians to a fungus researchers discovered called Chytridiomycosis is discussed. One source is cited in the bibliography.

  • Synthetic Rubbers and Their Chemistry

    In three pages this paper examines uses of synthetic rubber, discusses their chemistry and considers such properties as monomers and polymer chains. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Stishovite and Coesite High Pressure Silica Minerals

    In five pages this paper considers the extremely rare high pressure silica minerals coesite and stishovite in a comparative analysis of each. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Cloud Formations and Weather Patterns

    This research paper consists of five pages and considers how the formation of clouds affect weather patterns with El Nino impacts and observational predictions among the topics of discussion. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Beaches and Adverse Weather Effects

    In seven pages the formation of beaches is discussed in terms of sand properties and beach profiles with a consideration of how weather events such as monsoons, hurricanes, and tornadoes adversely impact beaches through erosion. There is no bibliography included.

  • Lightning

    In five pages this overview considers the phenomenon known as lighting. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Problem of Beach Erosion at Sandy Hook

    Many are familiar with Sandy Hook, New Jersey which is well known for its beach, but erosion has played a part in its recent history. This five page report explores ways to stop the erosion but relies on no bibliographic references.

  • Explanation of Theories Pertaining to Physics

    In five pages this research paper discusses modern physics in a consideration of 2 major theories with the groupings or Eightfold Way theory among the topics covered. There is the inclusion of a bibliography.

  • Progression from Classical to Quantum Mechanics

    In six pages an overview of mechanics considers the evolution from classical to quantum with theorists including Albert Einstein and Max Planck included in the discussion. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Why Alternative Fuel Sources Have Been Inadequate

    In a paper of eight pages the types of alternative fuels that have been tested and tried are discussed in order to reach the conclusion that all fall short of meeting the public's need in terms of cost, availability, and performance at the present time. There are six bibliographic sources cited.

  • Refrigeration Cycles and Heat Engine Thermodynamics

    In ten pages this paper discusses refrigeration cycles in a consideration of cooling and heating thermodynamics with various water properties and theories included. Eleven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Universe Understanding, Technology and Science

    In five pages this paper discusses how science and technology have led to a greater understanding of the universe. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • HSV1 and Molecular Aspects of Latency

    In fifteen pages this KS-HSV.wps sequel discusses latency molecular aspects including possible action mechanisms, gene function, gene products, and gene expression issues as they relate to herpes simplex 1. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Selective Process of Breeding, Rye and Secale cereale x Secale montanum

    In ten pages the historical breeding of rye is discussed in an overview of conventional techniques which are contrasted with contemporary bioengineering and tissue culture approaches. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Triton, Moon of Neptune

    In five pages this paper considers scientific research on Triton, the moon of Neptune. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Electric versus Alcohol as Alternative Fuel for Automobiles

    In this paper consisting of ten pages these alternative fuel sources for cars are examined with the conclusion that despite their limitations as they presently exist electricity is the preferred energy option to alcohol. There are fifteen bibliographic sources cited and twenty three footnotes provided.

  • Grand Canyon's Geological History

    In six pages a geological history of the Grand Canyon is examined. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Growth of Bacteria and the Impact of Antibiotics

    In five pages this paper discusses how antibiotics affects the growth of bacteria. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Global Change and Remote Sensing Equipment

    In six pages this paper examines satellites, weather balloons, and other types of remote sensing equipment in a consideration of how they evaluate global change. Seven sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Quantum v. Classical Computation and Physics

    In seven pages this paper discusses computation and physics in this comparative analysis of quantum and classical computing variations. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Insects and Pheromones

    In ten pages this paper discusses pheromones in insects in an overview of their discovery, uses, chemical compounds, and pesticide replacement by synthetic chemicals. Ten sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Teeth and How They Evolved

    In ten pages this paper examines the teeth of lower vertebrates and how they evolved into more sophisticated forms such as man. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Literature Overview of Microbial Organism Adhesion

    In five pages this literature overview focuses upon microbe molecular configuration and curvature in terms of the influential factors regarding microbial organism adhesion. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Cold Temperatures and the Physiological Effects of Sweating Profusely

    This paper discusses the negative impacts of sweating profusely when temperatures are extremely cold in five pages. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Shape of the Moon and its Orbit

    In five pages this paper examines how the earth is orbited by the moon, considers the moon's shape and measurement, and also discusses eclipses and what causes them. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Great Barrier Reef's Blue Ring Octopus

    The Great Barrier Reef's poisonous blue ring octopus is considered in an overview of 5 pages that includes its appearance, life cycle, habitat, and the dangers these creatures represent. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Stephen Jay Gould Panda's Thumb

    The writer reviews the Stephen Jay Gould book Panda's Thumb, a collection of essays about such matters as evolution. The paper is five pages long and there are no additional sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Mountain Dew, Dr. Pepper, and Coke Soft Drinks Compared

    In five pages, history, carbonation, and ingredients of each soft drink are compared and contrasted. There are ten sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Osmosis Defined

    In five pages this report considers the osmosis concept in terms of definition and process explanation. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Tornado Prediction

    In five pages this paper examines various methods of tornado prediction including ground spotters, the Optical Transient Detector satellite, and the Doppler Radar network system. Five sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Serving a Volleyball and its Kinesiology

    In ten pages this paper discusses serving a volleyball serve in a kinesiological analysis that focuses upon the upper body movements. Fifteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Regenerating Limbs of the Urodele Amphibians

    Limb regeneration capabilities of urodele amphibians are the focus of this paper consisting of ten pages. Ten sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Process of Making Protein

    The writer describes the existing research into the process of making protein by changing non-protein nitrogen into protein. The paper is five pages long and there are ten sources listed in the bibliography.

  • Defense Mechanism of Nicotine

    In five pages this paper examines phytochemical nicotine and how it evolved. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Concepts of Mechanical Engineering

    In five pages this paper examines such concepts as heating loads, pressure vessels, and hydraulics as they relate to mechanical engineering. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Cross Membrane Transport and Molecular Mixtures in Joe Alper's Article 'Drug Delivery Breaching the Membrane'

    In five pages this May 2002 Science article is reviewed in terms of how it examines molecular mixtures and cross transporting of cell membranes. There are no other sources cited.

  • Animal and Plant Evolutionary Examples

    In seven pages 6 examples from the animal and plant species are examined in a discussion of evolution and what can be learned from these fascinating plants and animals. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Basketball and Physics

    In five pages this paper examines the relationship between basketball and physics in this overview of ball bouncing, 'shooting hoops,' and underhand throwing advantages. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Smoking and Loss of Hearing Correlation

    In six pages the correlation between loss of hearing and smoking cigarettes is examined in terms of biochemical similarities and also the existence of simultaneous commonality of environments. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Mold Growth and Environmental Conditions

    In five pages this middle school level paper presents a possible science fair submission on what type of environment must exist for mold to grow. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • New Planet Discovery Through Radio Astronomy

    The discovery of new planets through radio astronomy is discussed in this overview consisting of ten pages. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of the Canis Lupus Species

    In six pages the gray would is the focus of this overview that includes its habitat, ecology, behavior, and ecosystem management issues. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Agricultural Needs for Water in California

    This paper examines this the importance of establishing agriculture as a priority in an overview of the impact of water scarcity on California's agricultural regions in five pages. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Extrasolar Planets

    In seven pages this paper considers extrasolar planets in terms of detection technology, their weaknesses, strengths, and future direction. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Single Cell Protein Success

    In three pages this paper discusses the 'instant' thirty year success symbolized by the single cell protein. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Gram Positive Bacteria and Microbiology: Gram-Positive Bacteria Cells

    In three pages this examination of microbiology focuses upon gram positive dairy production Streptococcus cremoris or Straphlyococcus aureus bacteria cells. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Discussion of Extra Solar Planets

    In seven pages this paper examines the latest scientific evidence on the existence of 8 new planets and what this suggests about possible forms of life on other planets. Eight sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Theoretical Overview of the Solar System

    This paper examines various solar system theories in eight pages with the status of Pluto as well as comet, planetary, and asteroid distinctions discussed. There are sources cited in the bibliography.

  • Theory and a Solar Energy Overview

    In ten pages this paper examines solar power in an overview that includes theory, costs, and benefits. Fourteen sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Scholastic Performance and Sleep Deprivation

    In four pages this paper discusses how sleep deprivation is common in students with circadian rhythms among the topics covered. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Human Brain Development

    In seven pages human brain development is examined in terms of such pertinent topics as the radiator theory, language development, tools usage, and bipedalism. Six sources are listed in the bibliography.

  • Physics Applications

    Three articles on physical principles and physics are reviewed in this paper consisting of three pages. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Practice of Soil Reinforcement with Steel

    In five pages this paper discusses the soil stabilization benefits of soil reinforcement with bands of narrow steel. Six sources are cited in the bibliography and two figures are also included.

  • Overview of Pneumonia

    In three pages pneumonia is discussed in an overview of its viral and bacterial organisms, epidemiology, prevention, and treatment. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • 19th Century Physicist Albert Michelson and Basic Physics Principles

    In four pages this paper discusses physics and its principles within the context of Michelson's assertion that 'Most of the grand underlying principles have now been firmly established and that further advances are to be sought chiefly in the rigorous application of these principles to all the phenomena which come under our notice.' Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Temperature and Viscosity

    In four pages this paper discusses the temperature effects of viscosity with various home experiments described that can be easily conducted. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Migraine Triggers and the Scientific Method

    In four pages this paper considers migraine headache triggers through inductive and deductive reasoning with theory and hypothesis distinguished between. There are no sources cited.

  • Avoiding Most Devastating Tsunami Effects

    In three pages the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 is examined along with options people who are in areas that have been affected can take. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of the Tsunami Phenomena

    In three pages this paper defines and describes tsunamis and also explains how they form and strengthen. Five sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Overview of Remote Sensing

    In seven pages remote sensing is examined in terms of history, uses, and future potential.

  • Water Quality and Groundwater Hydrology

    In five pages water quality issues are the focus of this consideration of groundwater hydrology. Four sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Physiology and Anatomy of the Human Eye

    In five pages the human eye is the focus of this review on its structure, components, function, and how it communicates to the brain about the information it receives. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Male Mice Singing to Female Mice as Ultrasonic Music to Their Ears

    In five pages this paper examines mice communications as portrayed in Timothy E. Holy and Zhongsheng Guo's Ultrasongs of Male Mice. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • U.S. Nuclear Power Industry and its Historical Development

    In twelve pages the years between 1970 and 1990 are the central focus of this consideration of the U.S. nuclear power industry in an historical development examination that includes reactor research programs, current design of nuclear power plants, the issue of radioactive wasted, licensing extensions, decommissioning, government oversights, and future outlook. Seven sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Qualitative Data Collection Tools and Probability Distribution Subjectivity

    Two questions on these topics are addressed in 3 pages. Two sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • Transgenic Genetically Engineered Plant Applications

    In three pages this paper discusses how human disease treatment can be significantly assisted by plantigens and plantbodies in this overview of transgenic genetically engineered plants and their applications. There are no sources cited.

  • Overview of the Moon and a Lunar Eclipse

    In ten pages this paper discusses the moon and examines a lunar eclipse's mechanics. Six sources are cited in the bibliography.

  • The Use of Lasers to Drill Gas and Oil Wells

    This 8 page paper looks at different aspects of laser use to drill oil and gas wells. The paper starts by comparing laser and traditional methods, then looks at formation perforation, spalling and the use of lasers for casing. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

  • Tsunami: The Physics and Possible Prevention

    This 6 page paper provides general information to come from three articles on tsunamis. Preventative measures are discussed along with a discussion on causes. Tsunamis are compared with tidal waves and differences are noted. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Petrochemical Industry in Saudi Arabia

    This 6 page paper examines the petrochemical industry in Saudi Arabia looking at the level of importance of the industry, the types of oil, locations of the oil fields and the level of oil reserves and the current and future capacity of the industry in Saudi Arabia. The bibliography cites 4 sources.

  • Science And Religion: History's Ultimate Test

    13 pages in length. Science and religion - perhaps in another place and time - would never have the occasion to infiltrate each other's unique worlds, inasmuch as no matter how hard people attempt to bring them together as complementary forces, they are - and have long been - destined to remain at opposite ends of the spectrum. Annotated bibliography lists 10 sources.

  • Considerations in Stem Cell Research

    A 3 page discussion of the most recent developments in stem cell research. These developments are accentuated by the discovery of the potential utility of amniotic stem cells. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Comparing Potting Soil to Starter Soil (Science Fair Project)

    This 3 page paper is a tutorial that may help a student create a science fair project. This one provides specific information on soil comparisons. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • Earth: History And Comparison With Other Planets

    6 pages in length. The writer discusses earth's geological history and briefly compares it with the other solar planets. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

  • Nuclear Power

    A 4 page paper which examines nuclear power. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

  • The Human Digestive System

    A 7 page review of the human digestive system. This paper provides a look at the mechanical and chemical components of digestion. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Role of Minerals Human Physiology

    A 7 page research paper that discusses the functions of six essential minerals in human physiology: sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, iodine and sulfur. Then, the writer describes the functions of 3 buffer systems in metabolism. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Pros and Cons of Animal Testing

    This 3 page paper discusses the pros and cons of using animals in tests for products and medicines intended for ultimate human use. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Climate Change and Weather Forecasting

    This 3 page paper provides an overview of the factors influencing climate change and weather forecasting, especially in relationship to the Earth's energy budget. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

  • Soil Salinity in the Imperial Valley

    This 5 page paper discusses soil salinity in the Imperial Valley of California, including what it is, why it’s prevalent in this location, what effects it has, how it’s formed, what its benefits are (if any) and what can be done to change the amount of salt in the soil. Bibliography lists 6 sources

  • Questions on the Article; Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of GaInNAs/GaAs quantum dot laser with GaAsN barrier grown by solid source molecular beam epitaxy

    This 6 page paper answers questions set by the student concerning the use with GaAsN barrier grown by solid source molecular beam epitaxy when used in quantum dot lasers. The bibliography cites 1 source.

  • Revolutions in Science and Technology

    A 7 page research paper that discusses advancements and innovations. This examination of scientific creative innovation begins with the medicine and the penicillin revolution, but then looks also at the examples of creative revolutions that have occurred in the contemporary era and concludes with observations bout the way in which scientific and technological creativity tends to overlap. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

  • Time Travel: Possibilities

    This 8 page paper examines various sources that discuss the possibility of time travel, and concludes that while it is unlikely, it is impossible to say definitively that it will never be possible to travel in time. Because we cannot say “no” in all cases, we have to leave the possibility open and say that yes, time travel might be possible, though not for a very long time and then probably with technology we cannot currently imagine. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

  • Carbenes And Nitrenes In Organic Chemistry

    4 pages in length. The basic composition of carbenes is such that as electron deficient molecular species, their uncharged state plays an integral role in containing a sextet of electrons that surround a divalent carbon atom. By comparison, nitrenes - uncharged electron deficient molecular species as well - harbor a sextet of electrons that surround a monovalent nitrogen atom. Single state is presented as electrophilic character, trigonal planar geometry, while triple state is diradical-like in nature, linear geometry (Wieder, no date). For nitrene insertion to occur, chiral alkane concentration is separate from observed rotation. Triplet nitrene is formed in greater measure when chiral alkane concentration is under one-hundred percent; this occurs, however, to the detriment of initially produced singlet nitrene. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • TECHNICAL WRITING AND EXPOSITORY WRITING

    This 4-page paper explains differences between technical and expository writing. Also discussed are differences betwen technical and creative writing. Technical writing samples are presented. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

  • An Overview of Body Systems and Function

    This paper describes the form and function of the the circulatory, nervous, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, digestive, endocrine, renal/urinary, and reproductive systems.

  • OZONE DEPLETION AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR MEASUREMENT

    Examines technologies used for the study of ozone depletion. There are 3 sources listed in the bibliography of this 3-page paper.

  • QUESTIONS ABOUT ENERGY AND FUEL SOURCES

    Answers various questions about energy, fossil fuel and alternative energy. There is 1 source listed in the bibliography of this 3-page paper.

  • Overview of the Central Nervous System

    In a paper that includes both power point slides and speaker notes, the author creates a visual representation of the central nervous system and its major components. This paper is actually a power point presentation of six slides and two pages of speaker notes. There are three sources listed. Please contact the office to ensure that the corresponding presentation is sent.

  • The G-Spot, Real or Myth?

    This research paper describes empirical studies that dispute the existence of the G-spot. Five pages in length, six sources are cited.

  • THE OORT CLOUD, KUIPER BELT AND UNDESTANDING OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

    Discusses the Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt, and the objects contained in these two regions of the solar system. There are 4 sources listed in the bibliography of this 6-page paper.

  • Insights into Bacteria - Quorum Sensing

    In a paper of three pages, the writer looks at Dr. Bonnie Bassler and her work on bacteria. The importance of the discovery of quorum sensing is examined. Paper uses two sources.

  • Water and its Centrality to Life

    In a paper of five pages, the writer looks at water from a biological perspective. The biological uses of water are outlined, as well as its chemical makeup. Paper uses four sources.

  • Reclassifying Pluto

    This research paper describes the rationale behind the reclassification of Pluto from a planet to a dwarf planet. Five pages in length, three sources are cited.

  • Hawkings Perspective on Time

    This paper provides a critical discussion of Stephen Hawkings book A Brief History of Time. The paper’s author discusses how Hawkings impression of Einstein’s theories and their relation to time travel impacted them personally and how it affected their impression of science overall. No additional sources are listed in this six page paper.

  • Wine Production and Bioprocesses

    In a paper of six pages, the writer looks at bioprocesses. The production of wine in particular is examined in the context of its chemical properties. Paper uses five sources.

  • Enzymes, An Overview

    This paper consists of the speaker notes for a Power Point presentation, khenzmes.ppt, which discusses enzymes, their role in human health and their chemistry. Three pages in length, five sources are cited.

  • Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

    The Chilean earthquake's energy was 512 times that in Haiti yet Chile experienced a fraction of casualties and devastation. Why? This is reported in this paper. There was a severe nuclear event at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan in 2011. This paper argues the event was completely preventable and explains why. There are three sources used in this five page paper.

  • Language and Handedness

    This research paper pertains to various aspects of handedness and language development, as well as what research relates about the pros and cons of being left-handed. Eight pages in length, seven sources are listed.

  • How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming by Mike Brown

    This book review concerns Dr. Mike's Brown text that recounts how his discoveries resulted in the reclassification of Pluto. Seven pages in length, five sources are cited.

  • Changing the Culture of Conservation

    This 3 page paper gives an explanation of the problems in conservation and how the people need to get involved. This paper includes the need for changing the culture of conservation. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

 

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Click on any of the term papers to read a brief synopsis of the research paper. The essay synopsis includes the number of pages and sources cited in the paper.

 

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